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Main objectives of this course are:

1. Expose students to various thematic areas related to marine sciences encouraging to their learning in the form of weekly homework.

2. Provide opportunities for new contacts between students and jury and / or national / international speakers invited to attend seminars by students or present their research work.

3. Encourage the involvement of students in specialist forums.

4. To encourage the presentation of seminars by students and the acceptance of criticism by colleagues / public.

5. Discuss / suggest techniques of oral presentation of scientific papers for the various target groups.

6. Improve oral communication skills through individual regular presentations and / or groups aimed at various target audiences (eg scientific / nonscientific; children / adults; young / senior).


1. General Introduction: presentation of the syllabus and course evaluation.

2. Summary on how to present scientific seminars to different audiences. Types of presentation (i.e. Colors? Background? Graphics?). Report type (i.e. placement of voice, target audience, message that you want to send, etc.).

3. Presentation of lectures, weekly seminars by students covering various scientific themes and various target audiences. Juries presence of different guests throughout the year. Oral communications, according to the proposed weekly homework may be submitted individually by the student or by a group of students. The themes are proposed by the teacher and discussed by all judges and students.

4. Scientific Departmental Seminar: each student individually presents a departmental scientific seminar at the end of the semester (or year) on a topic chosen by the student and developed by this throughout the academic year.

Teaching Methodologies

Regular (weekly) oral presentations by students about ocean issues. Communications will be varied in time (usually 5, 10, 15 or 30 minutes) or type of audience (i.e. student/professional/general/senior). It is expected that each student develop its own characteristics as the form of presentation of scientific subjects with varying degrees of complexity. Also through constructive criticism and collective discussion by other students, teachers and guests juries, the student will learn to eliminate common errors in oral presentations as well as to attract attention and interest from the public. The teacher puts the student presentations (format "ppt") and the summaries of discipline in the platform "Moodle" and "Dropbox".



Araújo, S.F., M.B. Dias & A.G. Coutinho (Eds.), 2005. Comunicar Ciência. Um Guia Prático para Investigadores. 16 pp.

Ceia, C., 2005. Normas para Apresentação de Trabalhos Científicos. 5ª Ed. Editorial Presença, Lisboa (Barcarena). Colecção Ensinar e Aprender, nº 2. 77 p.

Alley, M., The Craft of Scientific Presentations: Critical Steps to Succeed and Critical Errors to Avoid, second edition, edited by Springer, VA (USA), ISBN-13: 978-1441982780, 279 pp.

Websites (alguns sugeridos)/ Websites (some suggested):



ECTS Credits



  • Orientação Tutorial - 7.5 hours
  • Seminário - 30 hours

Evaluation Methodology

  • Homework (seminars given by students weekly): 45%
  • Oral public seminar (department) on a scientific theme chosen by the student: 35%
  • Participation in public seminars: 20%