Marine Resources

« Return


Besides learning the syllabus, students are expected to develop critical thinking and be able to integrate knowledge and demonstrate competence in oral and in written communication of their knowledge, opinions and expertise. Four general learning outcomes were defined which should be achieved throughout the semester:

1. Mastering terminologies, concepts and methodologies related to marine resources;

2. Identifying key marine resources focusing on the most currently exploited in the Azores, the main gear types used in their exploitation, and the purposes of that exploitation;

3. Analysing existing laws and the conservation status of stocks;

4. Mastering routine techniques used in the management of marine resources.


1. Terminology and basic concepts:

Types and purpose of exploitation (consumption, bait, industry, other). Concepts of sustainability, maximum sustainable yield, stock, standing crop, neritic and oceanic, pelagic, benthic, demersal.

2. Marine resources exploitation

Main Resources

Main gear and techniques used in the exploitation of marine resources

Case studies: seasonality of exploitation and current status of stocks

3. Management of marine resources

Management of resources and sustainable balance

Management techniques

The importance of investigating the marine resources biology and ecology to proper provide a sustainable resource management

Teaching Methodologies

The teaching methodology comprises theoretical and practical (TP) classes. Classes include lecturing and interactive components. Students are required to read, analyse and discuss specific papers and literature reviews on the subject. Classes will provide students with the knowledge and contact with local fishing gear and techniques. The consolidation, integration and application of knowledge acquired by students will be achieved by researching and reporting on the exploitation of a particular resource, to be defined at the beginning of the school year. Students will be guided in their research, and in the treatment, analysis and presentation (written and oral) of the information gathered.


Abeynayake M, 2009. The law of the sea relating to marine resources in the territorial sea:... VDM Verlag. 96 pp.

Clover C., 2008. The end of the line: how overfishing is changing the world and what we eat. Univ California Press. 386 pp.

Ebbin SA, Hoel AH & Sydnes A (Eds), 2005. A sea change: the EEZ and governance institutions for living marine resources. Springer. 223pp.

Greenberg P, 2011. Four Fish: The Future of the Last Wild Food. Penguin Publ. 304 pp.

Hilborn R & Hilborn U, 2012. Overfishing: What Everyone Needs to Know. Oxford Univ Press, USA. 168 pp.

Levinton JS 1995. Marine biology-Function, biodiversity, ecology. Oxford Univ Press. xii+420pp.

Maes F (Ed.), 2005. Marine resource damage assessment: liability and compensation for environmental damage. Springer. 284 pp.



ECTS Credits



  • Práticas e Laboratórios - 30 hours
  • Teóricas - 30 hours

Evaluation Methodology

  • Frequency: 70%
  • Presentation of a work on a marine resource: 30%