Plants Protection

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It is intended that students acquire knowledge on the evolution of protecting plants, plant pathology , agricultural entomology, weed science , pharmacology and the different plant protection strategies.

The knowledge gained will enable the student to grasp fundamental concepts : protection of plants; Understanding morphology and bio-ecology of the main groups of harmful organisms responsible for damage to plants (pathogens , pests and weeds) ; Introduction to the diagnosis of diseases; Recognition of the main pests of plants and weeds of agricultural crops and invasive species ; General aspects of phytopharmaceuticals and first contact with the different strategies and crop protection means.


Theory classes

1. Introduction to plant protection.

2. Principles and concepts of plant pathology

3. Main causative agents of plant diseases

4. Principles and concepts of entomology

5. Major organisms that can take the pest status

6. Principles of weed science

7. Principles of Pharmacology

8. Strategies and crop protection means

Practical Classes (themes) and contact of students with:

1. Azores Biotechnology Center, identification of fungi and viruses.

2. Mycology laboratory of SDAT, identification of fungi and viruses.

3. Practical class of entomology identifying the main orders and pests and auxiliary insect families.

4. Parcel of pasture to identify the weeds species present

5. Traditional orchard Apple Trees

6. Traditional orchard Banana

7. Horticultural farm with greenhouse production

8. Traditional orchard of Citrus

Teaching Methodologies

Lectures oral exposure of the issues, using the use of slides in power point files previously available to students on a site of a server ( www.gpi.angra.uac / acetates ). Practices classes where of the students will contact with the reality of different cultures and phytosanitary problems, recalling its taxonomic framework and the basic concepts of protecting plants and survey and identification by the student of these problems , with their subsequent laboratory analysis.


ACTA (1980). Guide pratique de défense des cultures, Reconnaissance des ennemis notions de protection des cultures, Paris, 419 pp.

AGRIOS, G. N. (2005) Plant pathology. 5th ed., Academic Press, Inc., San Diego.

CARVALHO, J. P. (1986). Introdução à Entomologia Agrícola. Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisboa, 361pp.

GULLAN, P.J. & CRANSTON, P.S. (1994). The insects. An outline of Entomology. Chapman & Hall, London.

MAURIN, G. (1999) Guide pratique de défense des cultures. Édition le Carrousel et ACTA, Paris.

RADOSEVICH, S.; HOLT, J. & GHERSA, C. (1997) Weed Ecology. Implications for management. 2ª Edition. Jonh Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York.

RAIMUNDO, A. A. C.& ALVES, M. L. L.G. (1986). Revisão dos coccinelídeos de Portugal, Universidade de Évora, 103 pp.

WILSON, F. M. (2003) Optimising pesticide use. John Wiley & Sons.



ECTS Credits



  • Teóricas - 30 hours
  • Teórico-Práticas - 30 hours

Evaluation Methodology

  • Frequency: 85%
  • Monograph on a theme of Plant Protection: 15%