Cartography, Orientation and Navigation

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1. The students should learn the concepts associated with the representation of the earth, concepts associated with the geographical representation through topography techniques (surveys, planimetry, altimetry, profiles), and be able for cartographic interpretation;

2. The students should be able for georeferencing objects s and be able for geographical orientation and terrestrial navigation.


1. Representation of the Earth

2. Concept of geodesy;

3. Concept of cartography, cartographic interpretation;

4. Concepts of topography and terrestrial representation;

5. Georeferencing

6. Orientation and Terrestrial Navigation;

7. GPS

Teaching Methodologies

Theoretical Classes and Practice

Cartographical interpretation

Practical classes using charts and reading support tools (scales, compass, planimeters, etc..).

Use the compass and charts. Navigation with GPS.


Cartas Militares de Portugal. Serviços Cartográficos do Exército

Joaquim Alves Gaspar ; apoio Sociedade de Geografia de Lisboa; Cartas e projecções cartográficas. ISBN: 972- 757-151-4



ECTS Credits



  • Teórico-Práticas - 30 hours

Evaluation Methodology

  • Frequency: 50%
  • Practical exercise on orientation and navigation: 50%