Farm Buildings Design

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It is intended that students acquire a general knowledge of materials, components and construction techniques, and various constructive solutions of animal facilities. For each specie is discussed the biological characteristics; the type of housing; equipment; complementary facilities; environmental issues; management of wastes, techniques and equipment for processing.

The grass silage in silos are studied allowing the student to correctly dimension a silo according to the most usual constructive solutions, the nutritional quality requirements of forage, operational and management of those facilities.

As a practical component and complementary activity, students develop a project in Autocad, for which is given the basic knowledge and practice, which is complementary to the theoretical aspects, consisting in development an original architectural survey in order to develop practice in housing planning of animal facilities.


1 The architectural project

Components parts

2 Introduction to technical design




3 Computer Aided Design (CAD)

Working with entities

Scales and dimensioning


4 Building Materials

5 Elements and Construction Techniques

6 Lighting

Natural lighting

Artificial lighting


7 Systems and principles of ventilation

Natural ventilation

Mechanical ventilation

8 - Introduction to environmental control

Thermal environment and thermoregulation

Heat transfer

Environmental conditions and productive reflexes

9 Animal housing

Cattle facilities

Installation Types


Pigs facilities

Types of pen


Sheep facilities

Types of facilities


Rabbits facilities

Types of facilities


Poultry houses

Types of facilities

Horses facilities

Types of facilities


10 Greenhouses.

11 Manure removal systems

Types of systems


12 Silos

Types of facilities


Teaching Methodologies

The education is provided through theoretical and practical lessons that include exposition and discussion of program content and the resolution of practical examples. Emphasis is given to student participation based on their experience and the integration of theoretical knowledge for their use in various conditions of practical application.


Albright, L.D. 1990. Environmental Control for Animal and Plants. American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, 453 p.

Carbó, C.B.; Caballero, M.T. 2007. Vacuno de Leche de Alta Producción (V.L.A.P.). Sus Alojamientos e Instalaciones. Editorial Euroganaderia, España, 254 p.

ITP, 2000. Memento de l’Éleveur du Porc. Institut Technique du Porc, Paris, 374 p.

Wathes, C.M., Charles, D.R. (edit.). 1994. Livestock Housing. CAB International, Cambridge, 428p..

Maton, A.; Daelemans, J. and Lambrecht, J. 1985. Housing of animals. Elsevier Science Publ., Amesterdam, 458 pp.

Sainsbury, D.; Sainsbury, P. 1979. Livestock health and housing. Baillière Tindall, London, 388 pp.



ECTS Credits



  • Teóricas - 30 hours
  • Teórico-Práticas - 30 hours

Evaluation Methodology

  • 2 written tests: 65%
  • Attendance and Participation: 5%
  • Construction project in Cad: 30%